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Glossary - A

All terms

A/B Rolls Editing using primary material (A roll) and extra footage (B roll)
A/V Short for Audio Video
Abby Singer The second-to-last shot of the day
Above The Line Part of a project's budget allocated for major roles such as directors and producers
Academy Awards The Oscars; Prestigious awards ceremony that hands out awards for cinematic excellence, such as Best Picture and Best Actor
Action A verbal command to start a scene
Actual Sound

Diagetic Sound - The sounds made by people or objects seen on the screen, such as voices, animals, or music played visibly on an instrument

AD

Assistant Director - The director’s right hand man or woman, often taking on logistical duties

Ad-Lib

An unrehearsed piece of dialogue not featured in the script

ADR Supervisor / Recordist ADR stands for Additional Dialogue Recording - someone who directs the recording (or re-recording) of voices once the production has finished shooting
Aerial Camera Operator

Camera person who specialises in filming from a height, such as from a helicopter or tall building

Airtime American phrase for the duration of a TV programme
Alan Smithee A pseudonym directors use if they want to remove their name from a film
Ambient Noise Natural background noise picked up by the microphone
Anamorphic Widescreen format with a ratio of 2.35.1 or above
Antagonist

A character(s), or institution that represents the opposition against which the protagonist(s) must contend. 

AP

Associate Producer - A role that causes debate - it can be comparable to an Assistant Producer, however a presenter of a programme might get an Associate Producer credit but won’t have the same duties that’s expected of an Assistant Producer

Armourer The person responsible for weaponry and firearms on set, including usage and storage
Art Department

The section of a production's crew concerned with visual artistry.

Art Director Responsible for all artistic and visual designs, including all aspects of set design – from the colour of the curtains to the look of a car in a road movie
Aspect Ratio The proportion of width and height of an image
Assistant Director The director’s right hand man or woman, often taking on logistical duties
Assistant Producer A production-heavy focussed role supporting the producer
Associate Producer A role that causes debate - it can be comparable to an Assistant Producer, however a presenter of a programme might get an Associate Producer credit but won’t have the same duties that’s expected of an Assistant Producer
Autocue A tool that scrolls the script for presenters to read. Also called a teleprompter
AVI

Audio Video Interleave, Microsoft’s video format