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Overview and productions

As of January 1, 2022, a cash rebate worth 25% of local spend has come into play in Bulgaria, helping to draw even more international productions to the popular Balkan nation.


Already 15 projects have been approved for the incentive and are expected to shoot this year, including Millennium’s long-awaited fantasy feature Red Sonja, which will film at Nu Boyana Studios just outside Sofia from July, as well as big projects from the likes of Disney and Marvel.


Bulgaria’s incentive has a cap of $1.1m (€1m) per project and is administered by the National Film Center’s Executive Agency. “We have simplified the whole application process so that it’s hassle free,” says Peter Todorov, executive director of the National Film Center. “We are here to help and support productions, not hinder them with overbearing bureaucracy. Since the introduction of the cash rebate programme at the beginning of the year, the interest has steadily been growing and we expect many more projects to apply.”


A further Millennium project, The Bricklayer directed by Renny Harlin and starring Aaron Eckhart as a former CIA operative forced out of retirement, started shooting in March at Nu Boyana and its new site in Thessaloniki, Greece, which is under construction. “There are few places in the world that compare with Bulgaria, and I’ve shot in about 13 or 14 different countries,” insists Les Weldon, producer of The Bricklayer and The Expendables franchise, which also filmed in the territory. “The studio is a one-stop shop of crew, equipment and resources that make filming easy because any kind of problem or technical issue, you can respond to it in a matter of minutes rather than hours.”


With 10 soundstages and an impressive array of standing sets, Nu Boyana has recently been home to Millennium’s high-concept thriller ’Till Death, starring Megan Fox, and hitman drama Memory, starring Liam Neeson and Guy Pearce, which also undertook post-production work at the studios, as well as Lionsgate’s The Devil’s Light and Cobweb.


“The cost of set construction, shooting, crew and equipment is incredibly competitive. Bulgaria holds its own against other countries in the region,” says US-based producer Matt O’Toole, who has shot dozens of movies in the country.


More info: Peter Todorov, executive director, Bulgarian National Film Center ptodorov@nfc.bg



In terms of locations, Bulgaria offers the wooded mountains of Vitosha, situated beyond the backlot at Nu Boyana, as well as the sandy beaches of the Black Sea, snow-capped peaks in Rila and Pirin, and the continental Danubian plain, all within five hours’ drive of each other.

Infrastructure and logistics

Nu Boyana Studios is situated just outside the capital Sofia and is spread over 30 hectares. The complex features 10 soundstages, an underwater production facility and a 1,200 square metre water tank. There are various standing sets, including New York, London, St Paul’s Cathedral, a Middle Eastern street and an ancient set complete with Roman colosseum.


“The studios have a huge array of equipment, props, set dressing, costumes and vehicles, which have saved our productions from having to ship in from other countries,” says producer Matt O’Toole. “Plus, the crews are world class across all departments, so there are no issues with bringing in US and UK talent and technicians.”


While productions are recommended to bring in a key team — director, camera operator, producer — “everything else can be found in Bulgaria”, suggests producer Daniel Delchunkov of Sofia’s Timeless Production Group. This includes an abundance of production accountants on hand to assist with finance, from taxation procedures and requirements to weekly cost reporting.


European status

Bulgaria is a member of the European Union but does not participate in the Schengen Agreement. Its currency is the lev.

Size matters

It is easy to access Bulgaria with short, direct flights from all European capitals. There are plenty of flights outside of Europe, too. However, the only scheduled ones within Bulgaria are between Sofia and Varna or Burgas (Bulgaria Air). The best way to get around is by car. But be aware some of the roads, especially along the Black Sea coast, can be traffic-clogged and nerve-jangling.

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