Negotiations between SAG-AFTRA and Hollywood studios were suspended on Wednesday (October 11) following failed resolutions over streaming residuals, the use of artificial intelligence and other challenges.
The breakdown in negotiations hampered efforts to terminate labor disputes that have rendered most US-based film and television production inactive.
SAG-AFTRA has been on strike since July. The union resumed negotiations with studios last week after the Writers Guild of America (WGA) ended its 146-day work stoppage.
The WGA deal had raised hopes for a fair resolution with actors until the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP), on Wednesday, said talks were suspended once it reviewed the most recent union proposal.
"After meaningful conversations, it is clear that the gap between the AMPTP and SAG-AFTRA is too great, and conversations are no longer moving us in a productive direction," said the AMPTP, which represents giants like Netflix, Walt Disney, Paramount and other entertainment studios.
In a letter to members issued early Thursday, SAG-AFTRA said it had negotiated "in good faith" with studios "despite the fact that last week they presented an offer that was, shockingly, worth less than they proposed before the strike began."
"It is with profound disappointment that we report the industry CEOs have walked away from the bargaining table after refusing to counter our latest offer," union negotiators said.
One bone of contention is a SAG-AFTRA demand for a share of streaming revenue delivered as a bonus to cast members. The AMPTP said the proposal "would cost more than $800m per year, which would create an untenable economic burden."
SAG-AFTRA's counterpoint was that the AMPTP had overstated the cost by 60% and accused the studios of "bully tactics."
The actors' union also said studios "refuse to protect performers from being replaced by AI," while the AMPTP said it had promised to obtain actors' consent before using any digital replicas of their likenesses.
On issues such as general wage increases and residuals for high-budget streaming shows, the AMPTP said it had offered the same terms that were ratified by the WGA and the Directors Guild of America, but that the union rejected them.
Members of the WGA approved a new three-year contract with major studios this week, five months after the union called a strike.
The new contract provides pay raises, some protections around AI use and other gains.